A topology based approach to categorization of fingerprint images

A. Aabrandt, M. A. Olsen, C. Busch

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    This paper discusses the use of betti numbers to characterize fingerprint and iris images. The goal is to automatically separate fingerprint images from non-fingerprint images; where non-fingerprint images of special interest are biometric samples which are not fingerprints. In this regard, an image is viewed as a triangulated point cloud and the topology associated with this construct is summarized using its first betti number - a number that indicates the number of distinct cycles in the triangulation associated to the particular image. This number is then compared against the first betti numbers of “n” prototype images in order to perform classification (“fingerprint” vs “non-fingerprint”). The proposed method is compared against SIVV (a tool provided by NIST). Experimental results on fingerprint and iris databases demonstrate the potential of the scheme.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication2012 International Conference of the Biometrics Special Interest Group
    Publication date2012
    ISBN (Print)9781467310109
    Publication statusPublished - 2012
    Event2012 International Conference of the Biometrics Special Interest Group - Darmstadt, Germany
    Duration: 6 Sep 20127 Sep 2012

    Conference

    Conference2012 International Conference of the Biometrics Special Interest Group
    CountryGermany
    CityDarmstadt
    Period06/09/201207/09/2012

    Keywords

    • fingerprint identification
    • image classification
    • iris recognition
    • topology
    • Bioengineering
    • Communication, Networking and Broadcast Technologies
    • Components, Circuits, Devices and Systems
    • Computing and Processing
    • Signal Processing and Analysis

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