A thermal sensation model for elderly under steady and transient uniform conditions

Jaafar Younes, Minzhou Chen, Kamel Ghali, Kosonen Risto, Arsen K. Melikov, Nesreen Ghaddar*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Sub-optimal thermal conditions influence the health and well-being of elderly people and deteriorate their cognitive functions due to age-induced changes in thermoregulatory mechanisms. Addressing the thermal comfort needs of elderly is better aided when a robust predictive thermal sensation (TS) model exists. However, available TS models in the literature are based on physiological and subjective data collected from young subjects, and their use to assess elderly TS is inappropriate.

In this work, a model for predicting elderly TS under steady and transient states was developed from published experimental data under controlled environment. The model predicts the mean TS of elderly people in terms of their average skin temperature, rate of change of skin temperature and core temperature. The model was coupled with a robust elderly bioheat model, enabling the prediction of elderly TS from environmental conditions. The TS model was further extended with a correlation that links the required physiological data for sensation prediction with few segmental skin temperatures that can be measured to enable the development of TS monitoring devices for the elderly. The model and the approach of using segmental temperatures in TS prediction were validated using different experimental measurements and subjective data than those used in the model development. Good agreement between experimental and predicted TS was achieved under varying steady and transient environments. The model predicts the elderly TS in ambient temperatures ranging from 13 °C to 43 °C and in transient settings with up to a 10 °C step rise or drop in ambient temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109797
JournalBuilding and Environment
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Elderly thermal comfort
  • Elderly thermal sensation
  • Elderly thermoregulation
  • Transient thermal sensation model


Dive into the research topics of 'A thermal sensation model for elderly under steady and transient uniform conditions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this