A theoretical study of collective rabi splitting in nano-lasers and - LEDs

Emil C. Andre, Igor E. Protsenko, Alexander V. Uskov, Jesper Mørk, Martijn Wubs

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The interaction strength of light and matter can be greatly influenced by altering the environment of the emitters and the electric field. In a photonic cavity the emitter-field coupling strength may become sufficiently large that the emitters and the field can exchange an excitation multiple times before it decays, giving rise to Rabi oscillations. In a passive cavity with one (several) two-level emitter(s), this manifests itself as a (collective) Rabi splitting of the transmissions spectrum [1-3], and it has recently been shown that incoherently pumped single emitters in cavities may exhibit Rabi splitting of the emission spectrum at large coupling strengths [4,5]. We present a fully analytical model describing a large collection of incoherently pumped two-level emitters in a single-mode cavity (e.g. quantum dots in a nano-cavity) and show that collective Rabi splitting of the emission spectrum can occur in these systems as well [6]. We derive a condition in terms of system parameters for the splitting to occur, and show that this is different from the condition typically associated with strong emitter-field coupling. Moreover, we show that the collective Rabi splitting decreases with increasing pump rate P, giving a transition from the strong-coupling regime to the weak-coupling regime, and possibly lasing at large P (Fig. 1(a)).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 2019 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe and European Quantum Electronics Conference
PublisherIEEE
Publication date1 Jun 2019
Article number8873005
ISBN (Electronic)9781728104690
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019
Event2019 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe & European Quantum Electronics Conference - ICM Centre of the Munich Trade Fair Centre., Munich, Germany
Duration: 23 Jun 201927 Jun 2019
http://www.cleoeurope.org/

Conference

Conference2019 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe & European Quantum Electronics Conference
LocationICM Centre of the Munich Trade Fair Centre.
CountryGermany
CityMunich
Period23/06/201927/06/2019
SponsorEPS Young Minds, The European Physical Society
Internet address

Cite this

Andre, E. C., Protsenko, I. E., Uskov, A. V., Mørk, J., & Wubs, M. (2019). A theoretical study of collective rabi splitting in nano-lasers and - LEDs. In Proceedings of 2019 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe and European Quantum Electronics Conference [8873005] IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/CLEOE-EQEC.2019.8873005