A Synthetic Overview of Preparation Protocols of Nonmetallic, Contact-Active Antimicrobial Quaternary Surfaces on Polymer Substrates

Christian Andersen, Jeppe Madsen*, Anders E Daugaard*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Antibacterial surfaces have been researched for more than 30 years and remain highly desirable. In particular, there is an interest in providing antimicrobial properties to commodity plastics, because these, in their native state, are excellent substrates for pathogens to adhere and proliferate on. Therefore, efficient strategies for converting surfaces of commodity plastics into contact-active antimicrobial surfaces are of significant interest. Many systems have been prepared and tested for their efficacy. Here, the synthetic approaches to such active surfaces are reviewed, with the restriction to only include systems with tested antibacterial properties. The review focuses on the synthetic approach to surface functionalization of the most common materials used and tested for biomedical applications, which effectively has limited the study to quaternary materials. For future developments in the field, it is evident that there is a need for development of simple methods that permit scalable production of active surfaces. Furthermore, in terms of efficacy, there is an outstanding concern of a lack of universal antimicrobial action as well as rapid deactivation of the antibacterial effect through surface fouling.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2100437
JournalMacromolecular Rapid Communications
ISSN1022-1336
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

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