A Structured Light Scanner for Hyper Flexible Industrial Automation

Kent Hansen, Jeppe Pedersen, Thomas Sølund, Henrik Aanæs, Dirk Kraft

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

Abstract

A current trend in industrial automation implies a need for doing automatic scene understanding, from optical 3D sensors, which in turn imposes a need for a lightweight and reliable 3D optical sensor to be mounted on a collaborative robot e.g., Universal Robot UR5 or Kuka LWR. Here, we empirically evaluate the feasibility of structured light scanners for this purpose, by presenting a system optimized for this task. The system incorporates several recent advances in structured light scanning, such as Large-Gap Gray encoding for dealing with defocusing, automatic creation of illumination masks for noise removal, as well as employing a multi exposure approach dealing with different surface reflectance properties. In addition to this, we investigate expanding the traditional structured light setup to using three cameras, instead of one or two. Also, a novel method for fusing multiple exposures and camera pairs is given. We present an in-depth evaluation, that lead us to conclude, that this setup performs well on tasks relevant for an industrial environment, where many metallic and other surfaces with difficult reflectance properties are in abundance. We demonstrate, that the added components contribute to the robustness of the system. Hereby, we demonstrate that structured light scanning is a technology well suited for hyper flexible industrial automation, by proposing an appropriate system.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2nd International Conference on 3D Vision (3DV 2014)
Editors Lisa O’Conner
Volume1
PublisherIEEE
Publication date2014
Pages401-408
ISBN (Print)978-1-4799-7001-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
EventInternational Conference on 3D Vision 2014 - The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
Duration: 8 Dec 201411 Dec 2014
http:\\3dv.org

Conference

ConferenceInternational Conference on 3D Vision 2014
LocationThe University of Tokyo
CountryJapan
CityTokyo
Period08/12/201411/12/2014
Internet address

Keywords

  • Communication, Networking and Broadcast Technologies
  • Components, Circuits, Devices and Systems
  • Computing and Processing
  • Robotics and Control Systems
  • Signal Processing and Analysis
  • 3D reconstruction
  • 3D robot vision
  • data fusion
  • large-gap gray code
  • robotics
  • structured light

Cite this