A Stochastic Method to Manage Delay and Missing Values for In-Situ Sensors in an Alternating Activated Sludge Process

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedings – Annual report year: 2017Researchpeer-review

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In the alternating activated sludge process with rule-based control, online N-measurements are of great importance for maintaining good control. These measurements can be delayed due to sensor processing time, turbulence at the location in the aeration tank where the sensor is placed, etc. The measurements may also be temporarily unavailable because of recalibration, communication faults or other errors. Here we present a method that handles such delay and missing observations. The model is based on zero order hold stochastic differential equations which use binary signals for influent flow and aeration to determine the state of the alternating process. It also uses measured ammonium and nitrate concentrations, which are shifted to account for delay. The method is developed and tested with data from a WWTP located in Kolding, Denmark. Results indicate that even though the model is simple, the model residuals and parameters are uncorrelated and the model predictions are 60% closer to the true values (measurements shifted to account for delay) than the delayed measurements are.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 12th IWA Specialized Conference on Instrumentation, Control & Automation
Number of pages10
Publication date2017
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event12th IWA Specialized Conference on Instrumentation, Control & Automation - Québec, Canada
Duration: 11 Jun 201714 Jun 2017
Conference number: 12


Conference12th IWA Specialized Conference on Instrumentation, Control & Automation
Internet address

    Research areas

  • Grey box, WWTP, Stochastic, Sensor delay, Alternating, ASP, Online control, In-situ sensor, Rule-based control
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ID: 141005661