A spot test for detection of cobalt release – early experience and findings

Jacob P. Thyssen, Torkil Menné, Jeanne D. Johansen, Carola Lidén, Anneli Julander, Per Møller, Morten Stendahl Jellesen

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Background: It is often difficult to establish clinical relevance of metal exposure in cobalt-allergic patients. Dermatologists and patients may incorrectly assume that many metallic items release cobalt at levels that may cause cobalt dermatitis. Cobalt-allergic patients may be unaware that they are exposed to cobalt from handling work items, causing hand dermatitis. Objectives: To present early findings with a newly developed cobalt spot test. Methods and Results: A cobalt spot test based on disodium-1-nitroso-2-naphthol-3,6-disulfonate was able to identify cobalt release at 8.3 ppm. The test may also be used as a gel test if combined with an agar preparation. We found no false-positive reactions when testing metals and alloys known not to contain cobalt. However, one cobalt-containing alloy, which elicited cobalt dermatitis in cobalt-allergic patients, was negative upon cobalt gel testing. Conclusions: The cobalt test detects amounts of cobalt release that approximate the elicitation concentration seen in cobalt-allergic patients. It may serve as a useful tool in dermatology offices and workplaces.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalContact Dermatitis
    Volume63
    Issue number2
    Pages (from-to)63-69
    ISSN0105-1873
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010

    Keywords

    • screening
    • spot test
    • cobalt
    • dermatitis
    • allergy

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