A simple model linking surface roughness with friction coefficient and manufacturing cost

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A simple theoretical model linking surface micro geometry, friction and manufacturing cost is presented. Combining a basic geometrical relationship of plastic deformation of workpiece surface asperities by a hard tool with an assumption of adhesive friction, the friction coefficient of a soft, rough surface sliding against a hard, smooth tool surface can be calculated, linking surface roughness with friction coefficient. The simple model can also link the cost related to manufacturing with a surface characterized by a given friction coefficient value. Results are presented from tests carried out to verify the simple model. Several test pieces were manufactured by turning, or grooving, an aluminum alloy and brass using different feeds, tool nose radii, and tool nose angles, achieving different surface profiles. The surfaces were characterized using a stylus profilometer and a digital microscope. The static friction coefficient was determined in terms of angle of repose using a rotary table. The experimentally determined values of the friction coefficient were compared with those predicted from feed, tool radius, and asperity angle. The tests have shown a good reproducibility, and a clear determination of the friction coefficient was possible. However, due to the low normal loads involved in this set up, the influence from the surface roughness was not clear. Further investigations are therefore proposed.

Original languageEnglish
JournalKey Engineering Materials
Pages (from-to)275-282
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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    Research areas

  • Friction coefficient, Manufacturing cost, Surface roughness

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