A simple approach, based on coupled mode theory, to study PhC lasers

Marco Saldutti, Jesper Mørk, Mariangela Gioannini

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

Abstract

PhC lasers have attracted large interest as efficient light-sources in on-chip and chip-to-chip interconnections. They allow for scaling the active volume while maintaining the high cavity Q-factor, thus exhibiting low threshold current and operating energy [1,2]. Methods for studying these laser cavities are typically based on FDTD simulations, which are often time-consuming and do not allow to catch the most relevant physics of these devices. We propose here an alternative and simple approach to analyze active PhC waveguides and lasers. Our approach is based on coupled-mode theory, which has proved to be an effective tool to study lasers with periodic gain and/or refractive index perturbation, as standard DFB lasers. We apply this method to PhC line-defect waveguides and lasers with a small complex refractive index perturbation (to account for gain and refractive index variation) with respect to a reference, unpumped PhC line-defect waveguide [3]. The optical electric field of the TE-like guided mode is expanded as sum of the forward- and backward-propagating Bloch modes of the passive waveguide; the equation governing the evolution ψ+,-(z) of the Bloch modes along the perturbed waveguide are: [Equation Present].

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 2019 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe and European Quantum Electronics Conference
PublisherIEEE
Publication date1 Jun 2019
Article number8872471
ISBN (Electronic)9781728104690
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019
Event2019 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe & European Quantum Electronics Conference - ICM Centre of the Munich Trade Fair Centre., Munich, Germany
Duration: 23 Jun 201927 Jun 2019
http://www.cleoeurope.org/

Conference

Conference2019 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe & European Quantum Electronics Conference
LocationICM Centre of the Munich Trade Fair Centre.
CountryGermany
CityMunich
Period23/06/201927/06/2019
SponsorEPS Young Minds, The European Physical Society
Internet address

Cite this

Saldutti, M., Mørk, J., & Gioannini, M. (2019). A simple approach, based on coupled mode theory, to study PhC lasers. In Proceedings of 2019 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe and European Quantum Electronics Conference [8872471] IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/CLEOE-EQEC.2019.8872471