A Short Synthetic Route to the Calystegine Alkaloids

Philip Robert Skaanderup, Robert Madsen

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An efficient strategy is described for the synthesis of enantiopure calystegine alkaloids. The key step employs a zinc-mediated fragmentation of benzyl-protected methyl 6-iodo-glycosides followed by in situ formation of the benzyl imine and Barbier-type allylation with zinc, magnesium, or indium metal. Stereochemistry in the pivotal allylation is controlled by the choice of the metal. The functionalized 1,8-nonadienes, thus formed, are converted into cycloheptenes by ring-closing metathesis. Regioselective hydroboration and oxidation give the corresponding cycloheptanones, which are deprotected to afford the desired calystegines. Hereby, calystegine B2, B3, and B4 are prepared from D-glucose, D-galactose, and D-mannose, respectively. This route constitutes the shortest synthesis of calystegine B2 and gives rise to the first total syntheses of calystegine B3 and B4.
Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Journal of Organic Chemistry
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)2115-2122
Publication statusPublished - 2003


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