A serological survey for antibodies against foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) in domestic pigs during outbreaks in Kenya

Sabenzia N. Wekesa, Alice Namatovu, Abraham K. Sangula, Moses T. Dhikusooka, Vincent B. Muwanika, Kirsten Tjørnehøj

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is endemic in Kenya and has been well studied in cattle, but not in pigs, yet the role of pigs is recognised in FMD-free areas. This study investigated the presence of antibodies against FMD virus (FMDV) in pigs sampled during a countrywide random survey for FMD in cattle coinciding with SAT 1 FMDV outbreaks in cattle. A total of 191 serum samples were collected from clinically healthy pigs in 17 districts. Forty-two of the 191 sera were from pigs vaccinated against serotypes O/A/SAT 2 FMDV. Antibodies against FMDV non-structural proteins were found in sera from 30 vaccinated and 71 non-vaccinated pigs, altogether 101/191 sera (53 %), and 91 % of these (92/101) also had antibodies measurable by serotype-specific ELISAs, predominantly directed against SAT 1 with titres of 10–320. However, only five high titres against SAT 1 in vaccinated pigs were confirmed by virus neutralisation test (VNT). Due to high degree of agreement between the two ELISAs, it was concluded that positive pigs had been infected with FMDV. Implications of these results for the role of pigs in the epidemiology of FMD in Kenya are discussed, and in-depth studies are recommended.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalTropical Animal Health and Production
    Volume46
    Issue number3
    Pages (from-to)575-581
    ISSN0049-4747
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

    Keywords

    • Domestic pigs
    • Eastern Africa
    • Endemic areas
    • Foot-and-mouth disease
    • SAT 1

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