Campylobacteriosis is one of the most common foodborne diseases worldwide. Two Campylobacter species – C. jejuni and C. coli in poultry and poultry products are considered to be the main source of human campylobacteriosis. Therefore, studying Campylobacter status in poultry flocks is needed to prevent transmission of disease and reduce human risk, health cost, and economic losses. In this study, we adapted and used a Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) assay for specific, sensitive, simple and cost-effective rapid detection of C. jejuni and C. coli in the poultry production chain. Amplified LAMP products were detected using a small, low-cost portable commercial blue LED transilluminator and a direct visual detection strategy was demonstrated. By using optimized conditions for amplification a limit of detection (LOD) of 50 CFU/ml was achieved for testing of C. jejuni and C. coli in spiked chicken feces without enrichment. The method took 60–70 min from receiving the samples to the final results (including 30 min for amplification). The optimized LAMP showed a relative accuracy of 98.4%, a specificity of 97.9%, and a sensitivity of 100% in comparison to real-time PCR method. Cohen’s kappa index also showed an excellent agreement (0.94) between the two methods. The results showed that the method is specific, sensitive and is suitable to develop for rapid detection of Campylobacter spp. at poultry production.
- Broiler chicken production
- Broiler fecal sample
- Campylobacter spp
- Loop mediated isothermal amplification
- Rapid detection