A Semantics-Based Approach to Retrieving Biomedical Information

Troels Andreasen, Henrik Bulskov, Sine Zambach, Tine Lassen, Bodil Nistrup Madsen, Per Anker Jensen, Hanne Erdman Thomsen, Jørgen Fischer Nilsson

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    This paper describes an approach to representing, organising, and accessing conceptual content of biomedical texts using a formal ontology. The ontology is based on UMLS resources supplemented with domain ontologies developed in the project. The approach introduces the notion of ‘generative ontologies’, i.e., ontologies providing increasingly specialised concepts reflecting the phrase structure of natural language. Furthermore, we propose a novel so called ontological semantics which maps noun phrases from texts and queries into nodes in the generative ontology. This enables an advanced form of data mining of texts identifying paraphrases and concept relations and measuring distances between key concepts in texts. Thus, the project is distinct in its attempt to provide a formal underpinning of conceptual similarity or relatedness of meaning.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationFlexible Query Answering Systems : 9th International Conference, FQAS 2011 Ghent, Belgium, October 26-28, 2011 Proceedings
    PublisherSpringer
    Publication date2011
    Pages108-118
    ISBN (Print)978-3-642-24763-7
    ISBN (Electronic)978-3-642-24764-4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011
    Event9th International Conference on Flexible Query Answering Systems - Ghent, Belgium
    Duration: 26 Oct 201128 Oct 2011
    Conference number: 9
    http://fqas2011.ugent.be/drupal6/

    Conference

    Conference9th International Conference on Flexible Query Answering Systems
    Number9
    CountryBelgium
    CityGhent
    Period26/10/201128/10/2011
    Internet address
    SeriesLecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence
    Volume7022
    ISSN0302-9743

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