A Review on Abrasive Water Jet Cutting

Sreekesh K., Govindan P.

Research output: Contribution to journalReviewpeer-review


The development of high performance material such as composites and advanced ceramics has a variety ofmanufacturing challenges. It is known that many of these materials cannot be effectively machined byconventional machining methods. Apart from economics, the process selection is based on the machinedsurface integrity. The high pressure waterjet with abrasive additives known as abrasive water jet (AWJ) isone viable alternative to conventional processing and has been suggested for use in post mold shaping ofcomposites and other hard to cut material. The research works on water jet cutting is discussed in thispaper. Omni directional cutting potential as well as minimal thermal and mechanical loading are fewadvantages. There are several parameters influencing the performance of abrasive water jet machining.Important process parameters which mainly affect the quality of cutting are traverse speed, hydraulicpressure, abrasive flow rate, standoff distance, and abrasive type, work material. Material removal rate(MRR) and surface roughness (Ra), taper of cut, width of cut are important quality parameters of AWJM.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Recent Advances in Mechanical Engineering
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)153-158
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Composites
  • Water jet
  • Omni-directional
  • Abrasives
  • Mechanical loading & Parameter


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