A review of recent research on the use of zeotropic mixtures in power generation systems

Anish Modi, Fredrik Haglind

Research output: Contribution to journalReviewResearchpeer-review

415 Downloads (Pure)


The use of zeotropic fluid mixtures in refrigeration cycles and heat pumps has been widely studied in the last three decades or so. However it is only in the past few years that the use of zeotropic mixtures in power generation applications has been analysed in a large number of studies, mostly with low grade heat as the energy source. This paper presents a review of the recent research on power cycles with zeotropic mixtures as the working fluid. The available literature primarily discusses the thermodynamic performance of the mixture power cycles through energy and exergy analyses but there are some studies which also consider the economic aspects through the investigation of capital investment costs or through a thermoeconomic analysis. The reviewed literature in this paper is divided based on the various applications such as solar energy based power systems, geothermal heat based power systems, waste heat recovery power systems, or generic studies. The fluid mixtures used in the various studies are listed along with the key operation parameters and the scale of the power plant. In order to limit the scope of the review, only the studies with system level analysis of various power cycles are considered. An overview of the key trends and general conclusions from the various studies and some possible directions for future research are also presented.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Pages (from-to)603–626
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Zeotropic mixture
  • Temperature glide
  • Power generation
  • Organic Rankine cycle
  • Ammonia-water mixture
  • Kalina cycle

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A review of recent research on the use of zeotropic mixtures in power generation systems'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this