A retrospective study on veterinary antimicrobial use in Nigeria, 2014 to 2017

Dooshima Kwange, Mwapu Dika Ndahi, Olaniran Alabi, Bukar Ali Usman, Peter Umanah, Jens Kirk Andersen, Ayi Vandi Kwaghe*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debateResearchpeer-review

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Global Reliable Data on Antimicrobial Use (AMU) in food animals was estimated at 63,000 tons annually in 2015 and is projected to increase by almost 70% in 2030 [1]. The global program on surveillance of antimicrobial consumption was launched in 2015 by WHO to tackle the problem of a lack of quality antimicrobial use (AMU) data and a standardized methodology for data collection [2]. Data on AMU is fundamental for countries to establish national and local antimicrobial stewardship programs [2]. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global threat to health and tackling AMR in animals through the aid of AMU information is a means of protecting public health.

The rise in global antimicrobial resistance [3] necessitates the need for the estimation of AMU in the country. This will aid policy decision-making regarding the use of antimicrobials and further give direction regarding the reasons behind specific antimicrobial resistance in the country. In developing nations like Nigeria, data on antimicrobials is underestimated due to the illegal import of drugs as a result of the porosity of our borders. This study aimed at determining the quantity and pattern of veterinary AM used in the country within the study period.
Original languageEnglish
Article number104
JournalPan African Medical Journal
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Retrospective study
  • Imported veterinary antimicrobials
  • Classes of antimicrobials
  • Active ingredients
  • Patterns of antimicrobial use
  • Nigeria


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