A retrospective study on salmonella infection in Danish broiler flocks

Øystein Angen, M. N. Skov, Mariann Chriél, J. F. Agger, M. Bisgaard

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A retrospective longitudinal study was conducted to identify risk factors associated with Salmonella enterica infection in Danish broiler production. The study was based on information in the antemortem database (AM database) where data were available for all broiler Becks slaughtered over the 2-year period from 1992 to 1993 in Denmark. The AM database contains information collected by the ante-mortem veterinarians, from the slaughterhouses, and from the salmonella examinations carried out at the National Veterinary Laboratory. The epidemiological unit was the individual broiler flock. The salmonella status of the flock was determined by examining the caecal tonsils from 16 3-week-old chickens from each flock. This procedure would detect a salmonella-infected flock, with a probability above 95%, if the prevalence is above 20%. Furthermore, the structure and quality of the collected data have been evaluated.

Fourteen variables were selected for analysis by multivariable logistic regression. An increased risk of salmonella infection in the broiler Becks was associated with the biggest hatcheries and feedmill, with an increasing number of houses on the farm, if the preceding flock was infected, and if the flock was reared in the autumn. Additionally, the main variables of the model were analysed by including a random effect at the house level. This resulted only in minor changes of the parameter estimates.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPreventive Veterinary Medicine
Issue number3-4
Pages (from-to)223-237
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1996


  • Salmonella
  • broiler
  • chicken
  • epidemiology

Cite this

Angen, Ø., Skov, M. N., Chriél, M., Agger, J. F., & Bisgaard, M. (1996). A retrospective study on salmonella infection in Danish broiler flocks. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 26(3-4), 223-237. https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-5877(95)00549-8