A Reduced-Cost Iterated Local Search Heuristic for the Fixed-Charge Transportation Problem

Erika Buson, Roberto Roberti, Paolo Toth

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


The fixed-charge transportation problem (FCTP) is a generalization of the transportation problem where an additional fixed cost is paid for sending a flow from an origin to a destination. We propose an iterated local search heuristic based on the utilization of reduced costs for guiding the restart phase. The reduced costs are obtained by applying a lower bounding procedure that computes a sequence of nondecreasing lower bounds by solving a three-index mathematical formulation of the problem strengthened with valid inequalities. The proposed method was tested on two sets of benchmark instances from the literature. The first set was used to evaluate the state-of-the-art heuristics for the problem; the proposed heuristic was able to provide new best-knownupper bounds on all 124 open instances. On the second set of instances, which was recently introduced for testing the currently best exact method for the problem, the new heuristic was able to provide provably good upper bounds within short computing times.
Original languageEnglish
JournalOperations Research
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)1095-1106
Number of pages12
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2014
Externally publishedYes


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