A mathematical model for accelerating powder particles by a gas and for their thermal behavior during flight has been developed. Usually, dealing with the solidification of metal droplets, the interaction between an array of droplets and the surrounding gas is not integrated into the modeling of such a process, e.g. in the literature the gas temperature is often modeled by an empirical expression. In the present model, however, the interaction between the enveloping gas and an array of droplets has been coupled and calculated numerically. The applicability of the empirical relation of the gas temperature proposed in the literature has been discussed in relation to the present model. One of the major advantages of the present modeling is that it provides a tool to predict the thermal behavior of droplets during flight without the need of experimental parameters, i.e. gas temperature. Furthermore, the model predicts the effect of process parameters on the size distribution, temperature, velocity histories, fraction-solid and cooling rate for all droplet sizes characterizing the complete droplet size distribution.
|Journal||Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|