A qualitative analytical investigation of geometrically nonlinear effects in wind turbine blade cross sections

Martin Alexander Eder, Robert Bitsche

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    Abstract

    This paper analytically investigates the Brazier effect on asymmetric thin-walled sections subject to biaxial bending. In the latter case a torsional moment – in this paper referred to as Brazier torsion – is induced, which proved to be a vital part of the solution. By means of a generic cross section, that was inspired by a wind turbine blade, it is demonstrated that geometric nonlinear effects can induce an in-plane opening deformation in re-entrant corners that may decrease the fatigue life. The opening effect induces Mode-I stress intensity factors which exceed the threshold for fatigue crack growth at loads well below the load-carrying capacity of the beam.
    The findings in this paper are twofold: Firstly, the investigated analysis procedure can be integrated into the design process of wind turbine blade cross sections. Secondly, the proposed approach serves as a basis for computationally efficient numerical analysis approaches of structures that comprise complex geometry and anisotropic material behaviour – such as wind turbine rotor blades.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalThin-Walled Structures
    Volume93
    Pages (from-to)1-9
    ISSN0263-8231
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

    Keywords

    • Geometrically nonlinear effects
    • Brazier effect
    • Wind turbine blade
    • Trailing edge
    • Fatigue threshold

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