A Protocol for Fast Prediction of Electronic and Optical Properties of Donor-Acceptor Polymers Using Density Functional Theory and the Tight-Binding Method

Murat Mesta*, Jin Hyun Chang, Suranjan Shil, Kristian Sommer Thygesen, Juan Maria García Lastra

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The ability of donor-acceptor (D-A) type polymers to control the positions of the highest occupied (HOMO) and lowest unoccupied (LUMO) molecular orbitals makes them a popular choice for organic solar cell applications. The alternating D-A pattern in a monomer leads to a weak electronic coupling between the constituent monomers within the polymer chain. Exploiting the weak electronic coupling characteristics, we developed a method to efficiently calculate (1) the electronic properties and (2) the optical gap of such polymer chains. The electronic properties (HOMO and LUMO energies, ionization potential, electron affinity, and quasiparticle gap of an oligomer of any length up to an infinitely long polymer) of the D-A polymers are predicted by combining density functional theory calculation results and a tight-binding model. The weak electronic coupling implies that the optical gap of the polymer is size-independent, and thus, it can be calculated using a monomer. We validated the methods using a set of 104 polymers by checking the consistency where the electronic gap of a polymer is larger than the optical gap. Furthermore, we establish relationships between the results obtained from more accurate, yet slower methods (i.e., B3LYP functional, singlet-ΔSCF) with those obtained from the faster counterparts (i.e., BLYP functional, triplet-ΔSCF). Leveraging the found relationships, we propose a way in which the electronic and optical properties of the polymers can be calculated efficiently while retaining high accuracy. The use of the tight-binding model combined with the approach to estimate more accurate results based on less expensive simulations is crucial in the applications where a large volume of computations needs to be carried out efficiently with sufficiently high accuracy, such as high-throughput computational screening or training a machine-learning model.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry Part A: Molecules, Spectroscopy, Kinetics, Environment and General Theory
Volume123
Issue number23
Pages (from-to)4980-4989
Number of pages10
ISSN1089-5639
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Cite this

@article{f7d1256cf2a4464a9827f9627ae9e1e0,
title = "A Protocol for Fast Prediction of Electronic and Optical Properties of Donor-Acceptor Polymers Using Density Functional Theory and the Tight-Binding Method",
abstract = "The ability of donor-acceptor (D-A) type polymers to control the positions of the highest occupied (HOMO) and lowest unoccupied (LUMO) molecular orbitals makes them a popular choice for organic solar cell applications. The alternating D-A pattern in a monomer leads to a weak electronic coupling between the constituent monomers within the polymer chain. Exploiting the weak electronic coupling characteristics, we developed a method to efficiently calculate (1) the electronic properties and (2) the optical gap of such polymer chains. The electronic properties (HOMO and LUMO energies, ionization potential, electron affinity, and quasiparticle gap of an oligomer of any length up to an infinitely long polymer) of the D-A polymers are predicted by combining density functional theory calculation results and a tight-binding model. The weak electronic coupling implies that the optical gap of the polymer is size-independent, and thus, it can be calculated using a monomer. We validated the methods using a set of 104 polymers by checking the consistency where the electronic gap of a polymer is larger than the optical gap. Furthermore, we establish relationships between the results obtained from more accurate, yet slower methods (i.e., B3LYP functional, singlet-ΔSCF) with those obtained from the faster counterparts (i.e., BLYP functional, triplet-ΔSCF). Leveraging the found relationships, we propose a way in which the electronic and optical properties of the polymers can be calculated efficiently while retaining high accuracy. The use of the tight-binding model combined with the approach to estimate more accurate results based on less expensive simulations is crucial in the applications where a large volume of computations needs to be carried out efficiently with sufficiently high accuracy, such as high-throughput computational screening or training a machine-learning model.",
author = "Murat Mesta and Chang, {Jin Hyun} and Suranjan Shil and Thygesen, {Kristian Sommer} and {Garc{\'i}a Lastra}, {Juan Maria}",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1021/acs.jpca.9b02391",
language = "English",
volume = "123",
pages = "4980--4989",
journal = "Journal of Physical Chemistry Part A: Molecules, Spectroscopy, Kinetics, Environment and General Theory",
issn = "1089-5639",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "23",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Protocol for Fast Prediction of Electronic and Optical Properties of Donor-Acceptor Polymers Using Density Functional Theory and the Tight-Binding Method

AU - Mesta, Murat

AU - Chang, Jin Hyun

AU - Shil, Suranjan

AU - Thygesen, Kristian Sommer

AU - García Lastra, Juan Maria

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - The ability of donor-acceptor (D-A) type polymers to control the positions of the highest occupied (HOMO) and lowest unoccupied (LUMO) molecular orbitals makes them a popular choice for organic solar cell applications. The alternating D-A pattern in a monomer leads to a weak electronic coupling between the constituent monomers within the polymer chain. Exploiting the weak electronic coupling characteristics, we developed a method to efficiently calculate (1) the electronic properties and (2) the optical gap of such polymer chains. The electronic properties (HOMO and LUMO energies, ionization potential, electron affinity, and quasiparticle gap of an oligomer of any length up to an infinitely long polymer) of the D-A polymers are predicted by combining density functional theory calculation results and a tight-binding model. The weak electronic coupling implies that the optical gap of the polymer is size-independent, and thus, it can be calculated using a monomer. We validated the methods using a set of 104 polymers by checking the consistency where the electronic gap of a polymer is larger than the optical gap. Furthermore, we establish relationships between the results obtained from more accurate, yet slower methods (i.e., B3LYP functional, singlet-ΔSCF) with those obtained from the faster counterparts (i.e., BLYP functional, triplet-ΔSCF). Leveraging the found relationships, we propose a way in which the electronic and optical properties of the polymers can be calculated efficiently while retaining high accuracy. The use of the tight-binding model combined with the approach to estimate more accurate results based on less expensive simulations is crucial in the applications where a large volume of computations needs to be carried out efficiently with sufficiently high accuracy, such as high-throughput computational screening or training a machine-learning model.

AB - The ability of donor-acceptor (D-A) type polymers to control the positions of the highest occupied (HOMO) and lowest unoccupied (LUMO) molecular orbitals makes them a popular choice for organic solar cell applications. The alternating D-A pattern in a monomer leads to a weak electronic coupling between the constituent monomers within the polymer chain. Exploiting the weak electronic coupling characteristics, we developed a method to efficiently calculate (1) the electronic properties and (2) the optical gap of such polymer chains. The electronic properties (HOMO and LUMO energies, ionization potential, electron affinity, and quasiparticle gap of an oligomer of any length up to an infinitely long polymer) of the D-A polymers are predicted by combining density functional theory calculation results and a tight-binding model. The weak electronic coupling implies that the optical gap of the polymer is size-independent, and thus, it can be calculated using a monomer. We validated the methods using a set of 104 polymers by checking the consistency where the electronic gap of a polymer is larger than the optical gap. Furthermore, we establish relationships between the results obtained from more accurate, yet slower methods (i.e., B3LYP functional, singlet-ΔSCF) with those obtained from the faster counterparts (i.e., BLYP functional, triplet-ΔSCF). Leveraging the found relationships, we propose a way in which the electronic and optical properties of the polymers can be calculated efficiently while retaining high accuracy. The use of the tight-binding model combined with the approach to estimate more accurate results based on less expensive simulations is crucial in the applications where a large volume of computations needs to be carried out efficiently with sufficiently high accuracy, such as high-throughput computational screening or training a machine-learning model.

U2 - 10.1021/acs.jpca.9b02391

DO - 10.1021/acs.jpca.9b02391

M3 - Journal article

VL - 123

SP - 4980

EP - 4989

JO - Journal of Physical Chemistry Part A: Molecules, Spectroscopy, Kinetics, Environment and General Theory

JF - Journal of Physical Chemistry Part A: Molecules, Spectroscopy, Kinetics, Environment and General Theory

SN - 1089-5639

IS - 23

ER -