A Pole Pair Segment of a 2-MW High-Temperature Superconducting Wind Turbine Generator

Xiaowei (Andy) Song, Nenad Mijatovic, Jürgen Kellers, Carsten Bührer, Anders V. Rebsdorf, Jesper Hansen, Mogens Christensen, Jens Krause, Hendrik Pütz, Jan Wiezoreck, Joachim Holbøll

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Abstract

A 2-MW high-temperature superconducting (HTS) generator with 24 pole pairs has been designed for the wind turbine application. In order to identify potential challenges and obtain practical knowledge prior to production, a full-size stationary experimental setup, which is one pole pair segment of the full generator, has been built and tested. The experimental setup comprises a consequent-pole HTS rotor and a conventional three-phase copper stator. This paper first presents the electromagnetic designs of the full generator and the setup, then it goes to compare the performance of the full generator and the setup in terms of the flux density, the operating condition of the HTS winding, and the force-generation capability. Finite element (FE) software MagNet is used to carry out numerical simulations. The findings show that the HTS winding in the setup is a good surrogate for these that would be used in the full generator. The FE simulations also tell that the maximum tangential force generated in the setup is 3.77% lower than that in the full generator. Good agreement between the values of interest in the setup and those projected in the full generator has revealed a cost-effective prototyping methodology for developing HTS machines.
Original languageEnglish
Article number5201205
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Volume27
Issue number4
Number of pages5
ISSN1051-8223
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Wind power plants
  • a.c. machines
  • Finite element analysis
  • High-temperature superconducting materials
  • Other superconducting devices and material applications
  • copper
  • finite element analysis
  • high-temperature superconductors
  • rotors
  • stators
  • superconducting machines
  • turbogenerators
  • wind turbines
  • pole pair segment
  • high-temperature superconducting wind turbine generator
  • HTS generator
  • consequent-pole HTS rotor
  • three-phase copper stator
  • electromagnetic designs
  • flux density
  • HTS winding
  • force-generation capability
  • finite element software
  • MagNet
  • FE simulations
  • tangential force
  • HTS machines
  • power 2 MW

Cite this

Song, Xiaowei (Andy) ; Mijatovic, Nenad ; Kellers, Jürgen ; Bührer, Carsten ; Rebsdorf, Anders V. ; Hansen, Jesper ; Christensen, Mogens ; Krause, Jens ; Pütz, Hendrik ; Wiezoreck, Jan ; Holbøll, Joachim. / A Pole Pair Segment of a 2-MW High-Temperature Superconducting Wind Turbine Generator. In: IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity. 2017 ; Vol. 27, No. 4.
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title = "A Pole Pair Segment of a 2-MW High-Temperature Superconducting Wind Turbine Generator",
abstract = "A 2-MW high-temperature superconducting (HTS) generator with 24 pole pairs has been designed for the wind turbine application. In order to identify potential challenges and obtain practical knowledge prior to production, a full-size stationary experimental setup, which is one pole pair segment of the full generator, has been built and tested. The experimental setup comprises a consequent-pole HTS rotor and a conventional three-phase copper stator. This paper first presents the electromagnetic designs of the full generator and the setup, then it goes to compare the performance of the full generator and the setup in terms of the flux density, the operating condition of the HTS winding, and the force-generation capability. Finite element (FE) software MagNet is used to carry out numerical simulations. The findings show that the HTS winding in the setup is a good surrogate for these that would be used in the full generator. The FE simulations also tell that the maximum tangential force generated in the setup is 3.77{\%} lower than that in the full generator. Good agreement between the values of interest in the setup and those projected in the full generator has revealed a cost-effective prototyping methodology for developing HTS machines.",
keywords = "Wind power plants, a.c. machines, Finite element analysis, High-temperature superconducting materials, Other superconducting devices and material applications, copper, finite element analysis, high-temperature superconductors, rotors, stators, superconducting machines, turbogenerators, wind turbines, pole pair segment, high-temperature superconducting wind turbine generator, HTS generator, consequent-pole HTS rotor, three-phase copper stator, electromagnetic designs, flux density, HTS winding, force-generation capability, finite element software, MagNet, FE simulations, tangential force, HTS machines, power 2 MW",
author = "Song, {Xiaowei (Andy)} and Nenad Mijatovic and J{\"u}rgen Kellers and Carsten B{\"u}hrer and Rebsdorf, {Anders V.} and Jesper Hansen and Mogens Christensen and Jens Krause and Hendrik P{\"u}tz and Jan Wiezoreck and Joachim Holb{\o}ll",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1109/TASC.2017.2656778",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
journal = "I E E E Transactions on Applied Superconductivity",
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Song, XA, Mijatovic, N, Kellers, J, Bührer, C, Rebsdorf, AV, Hansen, J, Christensen, M, Krause, J, Pütz, H, Wiezoreck, J & Holbøll, J 2017, 'A Pole Pair Segment of a 2-MW High-Temperature Superconducting Wind Turbine Generator', IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 27, no. 4, 5201205. https://doi.org/10.1109/TASC.2017.2656778

A Pole Pair Segment of a 2-MW High-Temperature Superconducting Wind Turbine Generator. / Song, Xiaowei (Andy); Mijatovic, Nenad; Kellers, Jürgen; Bührer, Carsten; Rebsdorf, Anders V.; Hansen, Jesper; Christensen, Mogens; Krause, Jens; Pütz, Hendrik; Wiezoreck, Jan; Holbøll, Joachim.

In: IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, Vol. 27, No. 4, 5201205, 2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Pole Pair Segment of a 2-MW High-Temperature Superconducting Wind Turbine Generator

AU - Song, Xiaowei (Andy)

AU - Mijatovic, Nenad

AU - Kellers, Jürgen

AU - Bührer, Carsten

AU - Rebsdorf, Anders V.

AU - Hansen, Jesper

AU - Christensen, Mogens

AU - Krause, Jens

AU - Pütz, Hendrik

AU - Wiezoreck, Jan

AU - Holbøll, Joachim

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - A 2-MW high-temperature superconducting (HTS) generator with 24 pole pairs has been designed for the wind turbine application. In order to identify potential challenges and obtain practical knowledge prior to production, a full-size stationary experimental setup, which is one pole pair segment of the full generator, has been built and tested. The experimental setup comprises a consequent-pole HTS rotor and a conventional three-phase copper stator. This paper first presents the electromagnetic designs of the full generator and the setup, then it goes to compare the performance of the full generator and the setup in terms of the flux density, the operating condition of the HTS winding, and the force-generation capability. Finite element (FE) software MagNet is used to carry out numerical simulations. The findings show that the HTS winding in the setup is a good surrogate for these that would be used in the full generator. The FE simulations also tell that the maximum tangential force generated in the setup is 3.77% lower than that in the full generator. Good agreement between the values of interest in the setup and those projected in the full generator has revealed a cost-effective prototyping methodology for developing HTS machines.

AB - A 2-MW high-temperature superconducting (HTS) generator with 24 pole pairs has been designed for the wind turbine application. In order to identify potential challenges and obtain practical knowledge prior to production, a full-size stationary experimental setup, which is one pole pair segment of the full generator, has been built and tested. The experimental setup comprises a consequent-pole HTS rotor and a conventional three-phase copper stator. This paper first presents the electromagnetic designs of the full generator and the setup, then it goes to compare the performance of the full generator and the setup in terms of the flux density, the operating condition of the HTS winding, and the force-generation capability. Finite element (FE) software MagNet is used to carry out numerical simulations. The findings show that the HTS winding in the setup is a good surrogate for these that would be used in the full generator. The FE simulations also tell that the maximum tangential force generated in the setup is 3.77% lower than that in the full generator. Good agreement between the values of interest in the setup and those projected in the full generator has revealed a cost-effective prototyping methodology for developing HTS machines.

KW - Wind power plants

KW - a.c. machines

KW - Finite element analysis

KW - High-temperature superconducting materials

KW - Other superconducting devices and material applications

KW - copper

KW - finite element analysis

KW - high-temperature superconductors

KW - rotors

KW - stators

KW - superconducting machines

KW - turbogenerators

KW - wind turbines

KW - pole pair segment

KW - high-temperature superconducting wind turbine generator

KW - HTS generator

KW - consequent-pole HTS rotor

KW - three-phase copper stator

KW - electromagnetic designs

KW - flux density

KW - HTS winding

KW - force-generation capability

KW - finite element software

KW - MagNet

KW - FE simulations

KW - tangential force

KW - HTS machines

KW - power 2 MW

U2 - 10.1109/TASC.2017.2656778

DO - 10.1109/TASC.2017.2656778

M3 - Journal article

VL - 27

JO - I E E E Transactions on Applied Superconductivity

JF - I E E E Transactions on Applied Superconductivity

SN - 1051-8223

IS - 4

M1 - 5201205

ER -