A numerical study on the flow upstream of a wind turbine on complex terrain

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Abstract

The interaction of a wind turbine with the upstream flow-field in complex and flat terrain is studied using Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) simulations with a two equation turbulence closure. The complex site modelled is Perdigao (Portugal), where a turbine is located on one of two parallel running ridges. Simulating various wind directions with and without rotor, the impact of the rotor on the flow-field upstream is determined. This is compared and related to simulations with sheared and uniform inflow. The induction zones forming for these two inflows agree to such an extent, that shear could be interpreted as linear perturbation to the uniform inflow solution. However, for complex terrain this is not the case, as it is highly dependant on flow features caused by the topography and their interaction with the rotor. Separation in the lee of the ridge plays a crucial role, as it dictates the wind turbine wake trajectory which in turn governs the orientation of the induction zone
Original languageEnglish
Article number032041
Book seriesJournal of Physics: Conference Series (Online)
Volume753
Number of pages10
ISSN1742-6596
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventThe Science of Making Torque from Wind 2016 - Technische Universität München (TUM), Munich, Germany
Duration: 5 Oct 20167 Oct 2016
Conference number: 6
https://www.events.tum.de/?sub=29

Conference

ConferenceThe Science of Making Torque from Wind 2016
Number6
LocationTechnische Universität München (TUM)
CountryGermany
CityMunich
Period05/10/201607/10/2016
Internet address

Bibliographical note

Content from this work may be used under the terms of theCreative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distributionof this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI. Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd

Cite this

@inproceedings{b8ba5e4c2d5a44f6bf7980b6b0e50fa6,
title = "A numerical study on the flow upstream of a wind turbine on complex terrain",
abstract = "The interaction of a wind turbine with the upstream flow-field in complex and flat terrain is studied using Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) simulations with a two equation turbulence closure. The complex site modelled is Perdigao (Portugal), where a turbine is located on one of two parallel running ridges. Simulating various wind directions with and without rotor, the impact of the rotor on the flow-field upstream is determined. This is compared and related to simulations with sheared and uniform inflow. The induction zones forming for these two inflows agree to such an extent, that shear could be interpreted as linear perturbation to the uniform inflow solution. However, for complex terrain this is not the case, as it is highly dependant on flow features caused by the topography and their interaction with the rotor. Separation in the lee of the ridge plays a crucial role, as it dictates the wind turbine wake trajectory which in turn governs the orientation of the induction zone",
author = "{Meyer Forsting}, {Alexander Raul} and Andreas Bechmann and Niels Troldborg",
note = "Content from this work may be used under the terms of theCreative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distributionof this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI. Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1088/1742-6596/753/3/032041",
language = "English",
volume = "753",
journal = "Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Online)",
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publisher = "IOP Publishing",

}

A numerical study on the flow upstream of a wind turbine on complex terrain. / Meyer Forsting, Alexander Raul; Bechmann, Andreas; Troldborg, Niels.

In: Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Online), Vol. 753, 032041, 2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Bechmann, Andreas

AU - Troldborg, Niels

N1 - Content from this work may be used under the terms of theCreative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distributionof this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI. Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd

PY - 2016

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N2 - The interaction of a wind turbine with the upstream flow-field in complex and flat terrain is studied using Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) simulations with a two equation turbulence closure. The complex site modelled is Perdigao (Portugal), where a turbine is located on one of two parallel running ridges. Simulating various wind directions with and without rotor, the impact of the rotor on the flow-field upstream is determined. This is compared and related to simulations with sheared and uniform inflow. The induction zones forming for these two inflows agree to such an extent, that shear could be interpreted as linear perturbation to the uniform inflow solution. However, for complex terrain this is not the case, as it is highly dependant on flow features caused by the topography and their interaction with the rotor. Separation in the lee of the ridge plays a crucial role, as it dictates the wind turbine wake trajectory which in turn governs the orientation of the induction zone

AB - The interaction of a wind turbine with the upstream flow-field in complex and flat terrain is studied using Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) simulations with a two equation turbulence closure. The complex site modelled is Perdigao (Portugal), where a turbine is located on one of two parallel running ridges. Simulating various wind directions with and without rotor, the impact of the rotor on the flow-field upstream is determined. This is compared and related to simulations with sheared and uniform inflow. The induction zones forming for these two inflows agree to such an extent, that shear could be interpreted as linear perturbation to the uniform inflow solution. However, for complex terrain this is not the case, as it is highly dependant on flow features caused by the topography and their interaction with the rotor. Separation in the lee of the ridge plays a crucial role, as it dictates the wind turbine wake trajectory which in turn governs the orientation of the induction zone

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