A numerical study of the influence of pilot fuel injection timing on combustion and emission formation under two-stroke dual-fuel marine engine-like conditions

Arash Nemati, Jiun Cai Ong, Kar Mun Pang, Stefan Mayer, Jens Honoré Walther*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Stricter regulations imposed on emissions are motivating the scientific community to consider studying alternative fuels to achieve low emission, high efficient dual-fuel (DF) marine engines. In this context, three dimensional computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulations are performed to study the combustion and emission formation under two-stroke, dual-fuel marine engine-like conditions. The DF engine configuration consists of a pilot diesel fuel and a high-pressure, direct injection (HPDI) of natural gas (NG). The simulation results are validated under both high load (high charge density) and low load (low charge density) operating conditions. Detailed analysis of the flame development and emission formation are performed. The interaction between the pilot diesel jets and the methane flame jets is studied. Based on the results, the further methane jets penetration in the low load case leads to better air–fuel mixing and a higher combustion intensity than that in the high load. Effects of the pilot fuel injection timing on combustion and emission formation and the governing mechanisms are also investigated in detail. Results indicate that the intense combustion of the accumulated methane expands the methane flame towards the piston when the pilot injection timing is retarded. The NO formation is lower in the high load case with higher charge density due to the lower combustion intensity. Also, retarding the pilot injection timing decreases the NO formation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number122651
JournalFuel
Volume312
Number of pages13
ISSN0016-2361
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Marine engine
  • Dual-fuel
  • HPDI
  • Injection strategies
  • Engine load
  • CFD

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