A novel membraneless β-glucan/O2 enzymatic fuel cell based on β-glucosidase (RmBgl3B)/pyranose dehydrogenase (AmPDH) co-immobilized onto buckypaper electrode

Parvin Rafighi, Eva Nordberg Karlsson, Kazi Zubaida Gulshan Ara, Galina Pankratova, Paolo Bollella, Clemens K. Peterbauer, Lo Gorton*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

A novel membraneless β-glucan/O2 enzymatic fuel cell was developed by combining a bioanode based on buckypaper modified with co-immobilized Agaricus meleagris pyranose dehydrogenase (AmPDH) and Rhodothermus marinus β-glucosidase (RmBgl3B) (RmBgl3B-AmPDH/buckypaper) with a biocathode based on solid graphite modified with Myrothecium verrucaria bilirubin oxidase (MvBOx/graphite). AmPDH was connected electrochemically with the buckypaper using an osmium redox polymer in a mediated reaction, whereas MvBOx was connected with graphite in a direct electron transfer reaction. The fuel for the bioanode was produced by enzymatic hydrolysis of β-glucan by the exoglucanase RmBgl3B into D-glucose, which in turn was enzymatically oxidised by AmPDH to generate a current response. This design allows to obtain an efficient enzymatic fuel cell, where the chemical energy converted into electrical energy is higher than the chemical energy stored in complex carbohydrate based fuel. The maximum power density of the assembled β-glucan/O2 biofuel cell reached 26.3 ± 4.6 μWcm−2 at 0.36 V in phosphate buffer containing 0.5 % (w/v) β-glucan at 40 °C with excellent stability retaining 68.6 % of its initial performance after 5 days. The result confirms that β-glucan can be employed as fuel in an enzymatic biofuel cell.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108254
JournalBioelectrochemistry
Volume148
Number of pages9
ISSN1567-5394
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Buckypaper
  • Enzymatic biofuel cell
  • Pyranose dehydrogenase
  • β-glucosidase

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