A novel Ag based sealant for solid oxide cells with a fully tunable thermal expansion

Xiaoqing Si, Jian Cao*, Belma Talic, Ilaria Ritucci, Chun Li, Junlei Qi, Jicai Feng, Ragnar Kiebach

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review


In this work, we show that a promising sealant for the use in solid oxide fuel cell and electrolysis stacks can be obtained by combing a conventional silver-based braze with eucryptite (LiAlSiO4), a negative thermal expansion coefficient material. The thermo-mechanical properties of the Ag2CuO-LiAlSiO4 system and the microstructure as a function of the LiAlSiO4 content are investigated. By adding 8 wt% of the LiAlSiO4 filler, the coefficient of thermal expansion of the Ag2CuO braze is lowered from 19.6 × 10−6 K−1 to 12.2 × 10−6 K−1 (25–800 °C). The aluminized Crofer 22 H is brazed to the gadolinium-dope ceria electrolyte of the solid oxide cell by employing the composite braze. The obtained joints are defect free and display low leak rates (1.2–1.4 × 10−3 sccm cm−1). The leak rate and structural integrity of the joints are retained after aging tests at 800 °C for 300 h, indicating excellent stability of the sealant.
Original languageEnglish
Article number154608
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Reactive air brazing
  • Solid oxide fuel cell
  • Solid oxide electrolysis cell
  • Sealant
  • Thermal expansion coefficient


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