A new model and gas sensitivity of non-equilibrium xSnO2-(1-x)alpha-Fe2O3 nanopowders prepared by mechanical alloying

W. Zhu, O.K. Tan, Jianzhong Jiang

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Nano-sized xSnO2-(1-x)alpha-Fe2O3 materials have been prepared using the high energy ball milling technique and their structural and gas sensing properties have been characterized. Based on experimental results, we propose a new structure model, xxx, forthese non-equilibrium, nano-sized xSnO2-(1-x)alpha-Fe2O3 materials. This model can explain non only the lattice expansion of the milled samples, but also takes into account the charge balance by adding oxygen dangling bonds at the particle surfaces, which can be visualized in the nano-sized powders. The thich film gas sensors made by such mechanically alloyed materials have high ethanol gas sensitivity values of 289 in air and 1016 in nitrogen at 1000 p.p.m. and very good gas selectivity to ethanol over CO and H2 gases. It is believed that the high ethanol gas sensitivity of these materials is related to the enormous defects such as O- and O2- dangling bonds at the particle surfaces of these nano-sized materials.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics
Pages (from-to)275-278
Publication statusPublished - 1998

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