A multiscale analytical-numerical method for the coupled heat and mass transfer in the extended meniscus region considering thin-film evaporation in microchannels

Ali Mostafazade Abolmaali*, Mohamad Bayat, Jesper Hattel

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

A Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) framework is established to investigate the microscale transport phenomena in the evaporating extended meniscus region formed in rectangular microchannels. A wide range of microchannel widths (W = 1 to 250 µm) and wall superheats (ΔT = 0.01 to 5.0 K) are considered. Prior to performing CFD simulations, it is first necessary to employ thin-film evaporation modeling based on an augmented Young–Laplace model and kinetic-theory based model for the evaporating mass flux across curved surfaces to find the exact shape of the liquid-vapor interface along with disjoining and capillary pressure distributions. Two widely-used methods for the determination of boundary conditions (BCs) at the beginning of the thin-film region (i.e., setting = 0 and finding by the far-field BC or setting = 0 and finding by the far-field BC), where δ is film thickness, are thoroughly examined and the first approach is recommended because of its better convergence and ease of implementation in the thin-film evaporation model. Then, the two-dimensional domain of the extended meniscus is generated and discretized to simulate the evaporating liquid flow through the UDF programming in ANSYS Fluent. The developed framework is shown to be a simple yet powerful and practical method for accurately predicting the evaporation mass and heat fluxes from extended menisci in microchannels. The CFD simulation results indicate that the previous one-dimensional models which represent the state of the art in the literature in the field are not able to predict the rate of evaporative heat transfer from the extended meniscus in microchannels with an acceptable degree of accuracy. Based on the CFD simulations results, a multiple regression analysis is employed to establish several simple thermal resistance correlations. The correlations can be straightforwardly integrated into macroscale mathematical models of micro and miniature heat pipes for analyzing their thermal characteristics.
Original languageEnglish
Article number125145
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Volume222
Number of pages18
ISSN0017-9310
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Keywords

  • Computational heat and fluid flow
  • Evaporation
  • Heat pipe
  • Microchannel
  • Thin-film

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