Acid tolerance and aroma profile are crucial factors for wine production in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. However, most wine yeasts to date fail to endure low-pH environments, therefore resulting in problems such as lengthened fermentation and poor flavor during acidic fruit wine production. In the present study, we established a multiple-step screening strategy, which was composed of atmospheric and room temperature plasma (ARTP), high-throughput screening (HTS), and laboratory adaptive evolution (ALE), to screen yeast strains for potential wine-producing with enhanced performances during low pH conditions. Importantly, we obtained the S. cerevisiae strain from the mutant library, ET008-c54, which displayed exhibited excellent performances in survival rate, fermentation time, aroma profile, and genetic stability. More specifically, the survival rate of ET008-c54 at low pH was increased by 10-fold, the fermentation time of greengage plum wine was shortened by about 70%, and the content of main aroma compounds was significantly increased by 52%. Collectively, we demonstrate the practical application of the screening platform designed for discovering mutant strains in winemaking technology.
- Saccharomyces cerevisiae
- Fermentation performance