This study presents a reactive transport modelling framework for understanding carbonation processes through pore solution composition, phase assemblage changes in cement-based materials, and pore solution composition changes on steel corrosion. The study emphasizes the significance of considering pore structure changes on mass transport and utilizing a surface complexation model for predicting changes in pore solution composition and comprehending its influence on steel corrosion. A clear enrichment in sodium and potassium content in carbonated regions is observed upon carbonation, which leads to a decrease in alkali concentration in the pore solution, and alkali ions are transported toward the carbonated zone. Simultaneously, the opposite behaviour is observed for both the sulphur and chloride content. The increase in the concentration of sulphur and chloride in the pore solution was observed upon the decomposition of the solid phase. Calcium ions are transported to the carbonated zone, further increasing calcite formation near the exposed surface.
- Carbonation process
- Chemical equilibrium
- Gas dissolution
- Multi-component gas transport
- Reactive transport model