In a previous experimental study, a novel method for in vivo dosimetry has been investigated, based on radioluminescence (RL) and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL). However, because of (fie large difference in atomic composition between the detector material and the breast tissue, relatively large energy dependence in low-energy X-ray beams can be expected. In the present work, the energy dependence of Al2O3:C crystals was modelled with the Monte Carlo code EGSnre using three types of X-ray spectra. The results obtained (5.6-7.3%) agree with a previously determined experimental result (9%) within the combined standard uncertainty of the two methods. The influence of the size of the crystal on the energy dependence was investigated together with the effect of varying the thickness of the surrounding light-protective material. The results obtained indicate a minor effect owing to the thickness of the light-protective material, and a somewhat larger effect from reducing the diameter of the crystal. The outcome of this study can be used to improve the future design of the RL/OSI. dosimetry system for use in mammography.
Aznar, M. C., Medin, J., Hemdal, B., Klang, A. T., Bøtter-Jensen, L., & Mattsson, S. (2005). A Monte Carlo study of the energy dependence of Al2O3: C crystals for real-time in vivo dosimetry in mammography. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 114(1-3), 444-449. https://doi.org/10.1093/rpd/nch560