A micro-mechanics based extension of the GTN continuum model accounting for random void distributions

I. Holte, K. L. Nielsen, E. Martínez-Pañeda, C.F. Niordson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Randomness in the void distribution within a ductile metal complicates quantitative modeling of damage following the void growth to coalescence failure process. Though the sequence of micro-mechanisms leading to ductile failure is known from unit cell models, often based on assumptions of a regular distribution of voids, the effect of randomness remains a challenge. In the present work, mesoscale unit cell models, each containing an ensemble of four voids of equal size that are randomly distributed, are used to find statistical effects on the yield surface of the homogenized material. A yield locus is found based on a mean yield surface and a standard deviation of yield points obtained from 15 realizations of the four-void unit cells. It is found that the classical GTN model very closely agrees with the mean of the yield points extracted from the unit cell calculations with random void distributions, while the standard deviation varies with the imposed stress state. It is shown that the standard deviation is nearly zero for stress triaxialities , while it rapidly increases for triaxialities above , reaching maximum values of about at . At even higher triaxialities it decreases slightly. The results indicate that the dependence of the standard deviation on the stress state follows from variations in the deformation mechanism since a well-correlated variation is found for the volume fraction of the unit cell that deforms plastically at yield. Thus, the random void distribution activates different complex localization mechanisms at high stress triaxialities that differ from the ligament thinning mechanism forming the basis for the classical GTN model. A method for introducing the effect of randomness into the GTN continuum model is presented, and an excellent comparison to the unit cell yield locus is achieved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Mechanics A - Solids
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024


  • Ductile failure
  • Gurson model
  • Statistical variation
  • Void growth


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