A method for real-time three-dimensional vector velocity imaging

Jørgen Arendt Jensen, Svetoslav Nikolov

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    Abstract

    The paper presents an approach for making real-time three-dimensional vector flow imaging. Synthetic aperture data acquisition is used, and the data is beamformed along the flow direction to yield signals usable for flow estimation. The signals are cross-related to determine the shift in position and thereby velocity. The data can be beamformed after reception in any direction and any vectorial velocity can be found. More than 60 independent velocity volumes can be made per second with this approach. A 3 MHz 2D matrix transducer consisting of 64 × 64 elements with λ/2 pitch are used. The emissions are done using 16 × 16 = 256 elements at a time and the received signals from the same elements are sampled. Access to the individual elements is done through 16-to-1 multiplexing, so that only a 256 channels transmitting and receiving system are needed. The method has been investigated using Field II. Parabolic flow in a 10 mm radius vessel inclined at 60 degrees to the acoustical axis of the transducer was simulated. The mean standard deviation of he estimates was 0.0098 m/s over the whole vessel cross-section, which is 3.3% relative to the peak velocity. The bias was 0.023 m/s (7.5%). False peaks were found mainly at the edges of the vessel due to the echo-cancelling, and the probability of false detection was 2.2%.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication2003 IEEE Symposium on Ultrasonics Proceedings
    Volume2
    PublisherIEEE
    Publication date2003
    Pages1582-1585
    ISBN (Print)0-7803-7922-5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2003
    Event2003 IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium - Honolulu, United States
    Duration: 5 Oct 20038 Oct 2003
    http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/mostRecentIssue.jsp?punumber=9075

    Conference

    Conference2003 IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium
    Country/TerritoryUnited States
    CityHonolulu
    Period05/10/200308/10/2003
    Internet address
    SeriesI E E E International Ultrasonics Symposium. Proceedings
    ISSN1051-0117

    Bibliographical note

    Copyright: 2003 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE

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