This paper introduces a factor-solve method, which efficiently computes Thevenin equivalents for all buses in the power system. A range of real-time stability assessment methods rely on Thevenin equivalents, and it is therefore essential that these can be determined fast and efficiently. The factor-solve method has runtime for computing Thevenin voltage that scales linearly with system size resulting in runtime of only a few milliseconds even for systems with several thousand buses. The computations only need the sparse admittance matrix for the power system and a sparse factorization resulting in low memory requirements, and furthermore Thevenin impedances can be determined in parallel. The factor-solve method is compared to a reference method, which uses coefficients for super-position to determine the Thevenin equivalents. The reference method is shown to have dissatisfying runtime and complexity. The factorsolve method is tested, parallelized and analysed, which shows a considerable speed-up in computations of Thevenin equivalents enabling them to be computed in real-time.
- Power system analysis computing
- Real-time assessment
- Thevenin equivalent