A magnetic nanoparticle-clustering biosensor for blu-ray based optical detection of small-molecules

Jaeyoung Yang, Marco Donolato, Paula Soares Martins Antunes, Alessandro Pinto, Filippo Bosco, En-Te Hwu, Ching-Hsiu Chen, Paolo Vavassori, Anja Boisen, Mikkel Fougt Hansen, Qiao Ling

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


    In magnetic nanoparticle (MNP)-clustering assays, a target molecule is bound to multiple receptors tethered onto MNPs, triggering MNP-clustering and leading to changes in the size of clusters. However, sandwich-type clustering requires multiple binding-sites on a target molecule, which is often unavailable for small-molecules. Furthermore, measuring magnetic properties as signals is not intrinsically selective regarding MNP-cluster size. Thus, the detection of few MNP-clusters is readily interfered by background signals from predominantly-existing single MNPs. Additionally, bulky and high-cost instruments limit the advancement of MNP-based assays. We report here a novel MNP-clustering small-molecule assay on an optical readout platform to overcome the limitations aforementioned with the following improvements. First, a facile MNP-clustering assay applicable to diverse small-molecules was realized by adopting an inhibition mechanism. Next, frequency-dependent optical measurements enabled us to resolve signals depending on the cluster size. Lastly, a low-cost and miniaturized optical readout setup was established by implementing a Blu-ray pickup head. Consequently, our low-cost optical biosensor using MNP-clustering facilitates high-resolution small-molecule assays.
    For experiments, aptamer-functionalized MNPs (Apt-MNPs) were first incubated with adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP) followed by adding MNPs with linker strands (linker-MNPs). The linker hybridizes with a region of aptamer sequences in the absence of ATP, forming MNP-clusters. Conversely, when aptamers are preoccupied by ATP inhibiting the hybridization, the cluster formation is hindered (Fig. 1). Consequently, higher ATP-concentrations result in smaller and fewer cluster formations. Blu-ray optical transmission measurements through an MNP-solution (Fig. 2) reveal that the 2nd harmonic component of the signal is related to the frequency of Brownian relaxation dynamics of MNPs induced by alternating magnetic field. Following measurement characterization (Fig. 3) and analyte-control experiments (Fig. 4), we demonstrated the ATP concentration dependent behavior of signals in micromolar ranges (Fig. 5). These results support that our MNP-clustering optical biosensor is capable of specific and quantitative detection of small-molecules.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 14th Anniversary World Congress on Biosensors
    Publication date2014
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    Event24th Anniversary World Congress on Biosensors - Melbourne Convention and Exhibition Centre, Melbourne, Australia
    Duration: 27 May 201430 May 2014
    Conference number: 24


    Conference24th Anniversary World Congress on Biosensors
    LocationMelbourne Convention and Exhibition Centre
    Internet address


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