A longitudinal study of Staphylococcus hyicus colonization of vagina of gilts and transmission to piglets

Henrik Caspar Wegener, E.W. Skov Jensen

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Abstract

High Staphylococcus hyicus colonization rates were found in vaginal samples of healthy breeding sows and in skin samples of their offspring. Twenty-two different phage types were identified among the 720 isolates of S. hyicus examined. Two to 13 different phage types were isolated per herd. Phage typing, as well as characterization of about 10 % of the isolates by plasmid profiles and antibiogram patterns, showed that, several different clones of S. hyicus could be present simultaneously in vagina of gilts and also on skin of piglets. Generally isolates from the vagina of one animal were identical as regards to phage types, plasmid profiles, and antibiogram patterns during the entire investigation period. Isolates from the skin of piglets were of the same type as their mothers, indicating that vertical transmission had taken place. S. hyicus strains isolated from the skin of piglets within 24 h after birth were identical to strains isolated 3 weeks after birth from the same litter, indicating that the vaginal strains became part of a stable skin flora.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEpidemiology and Infection
Volume109
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)433-444
ISSN0950-2688
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1992

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