In this paper we propose a novel method for the segmentation of longitudinal brain MRI scans of patients suffering from Multiple Sclerosis. The method builds upon an existing cross-sectional method for simultaneous whole-brain and lesion segmentation, introducing subjectspecific latent variables to encourage temporal consistency between longitudinal scans. It is very generally applicable, as it does not make any prior assumptions on the scanner, the MRI protocol, or the number and timing of longitudinal follow-up scans. Preliminary experiments on three longitudinal datasets indicate that the proposed method produces more reliable segmentations and detects disease effects better than the crosssectional method it is based upon.
|Title of host publication||Machine Learning in Clinical Neuroimaging and Radiogenomics in Neuro-oncology : Third International Workshop, MLCN 2020, and Second International Workshop, RNO-AI 2020, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2020, Lima, Peru, October 4–8, 2020, Proceedings|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|
|Series||Lecture Notes in Computer Science|