A Linear Gradient Theory Model for Calculating Interfacial Tensions of Mixtures

You-Xiang Zou, Erling Halfdan Stenby

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


In this research work, we assumed that the densities of each component in a mixture are linearly distributed across the interface between the coexisting vapor and liquid phases, and we developed a linear gradient theory model for computing interfacial tensions of mixtures, especially mixtures containing supercritical methane, argon, nitrogen, and carbon dioxide gases at high pressure. With this model it is unnecessary to solve the time-consuming density profile equations of the gradient theory model. The model has been tested on a number of mixtures at low and high pressures. The results show excellent agreement between the predicted and experimental IFTs at high and moderate levels of IFTs, while the agreement is reasonably accurate in the near-critical region as the used equations of state reveal classical scaling behavior. To predict accurately low IFTs (sigma <0.1 mN/m), an equation of state with proper scaling behavior at the critical point is at least required.Key words: linear gradient theory; interfacial tension; equation of state; influence parameter; density profile.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Issue number0443
Pages (from-to)126-132
Publication statusPublished - 1996

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