Despite a significant potential to improve industrial standards, practical applications of production optimization are impeded by geological uncertainty. As a mean to handle the associated financial risks, the oil literature has devised a range of ensemble-based strategies that seek to optimize proper combinations of sample-estimated risk measures to balance the opposing objectives of risk and reward. Many of the associated optimization problems are naturally formulated in terms of multi-objective optimization (MOO). Ideally, MOO problems should be solved by generating an approximation to the efficient frontier of optimal tradeoffs between risk and return. However, the large-scale nature of real-life oil reservoirs implies that formation of the frontier often becomes computationally intractable in practice. To meet this challenge, this paper introduces a generalized least squares (LS) approach that provides an efficient and unified solution strategy for ensemble-based multi-objective optimization problems. At its core, the LS method uses an a priori characterization of desirable trade-offs that allows the method to focus on a single Pareto optimal point. Consequently, the LS approach avoids the need to generate a representative of the efficient frontier. In turn, this significantly reduces computational complexity compared to most MOO methods. As a result, the LS method poses a practical alternative to conventional strategies when the efficient frontier is unknown and computationally intractable to generate.
- Optimal control
- Stochastic modelling
- Stochastic models
Christiansen, L. H., Hørsholt, S., & Jørgensen, J. B. (2018). A Least Squares Method for Ensemble-based Multi-objective Oil Production Optimization. I F A C Workshop Series, 51(8), 7-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ifacol.2018.06.347