A hybrid membrane-absorption process for carbon dioxide capture: Effect of different alkanolamine on energy consumption

Qazi Nasir*, Humbul Suleman, Manivannan Elumalai

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Amine and membrane-based processes are commonly used to treat acid gases such as carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide. Carbon dioxide adversely affects the environment, therefore, its utilization and storage are critical. In this work, a simplistic approach of single-stage membrane units combine with amine absorption processes with different commercial amines was investigated. An increase in CO2 concentration in the feed gas results in a substantial increase in the thermal energy consumption of the stripper reboiler were using a hybrid amine-membrane setup can effectively reduce energy consumed in the reboiler. Both the amine absorption process and membrane process are simulated using Aspen HYSYS V10. Since the membrane is not available in Aspen HYSYS V10 unit operation package; it is programmed and added as custom user operation. Moreover, a new acid/ amine-based fluid package builds in a combination of the Peng-Robinson equation of state for vapor phase and electrolyte non-random two liquid-based activity model for the liquid phase were used in this study. Furthermore, energy consumption in CO2 capture using different alkanolamine such as N-methyldiethanolamine (MDEA), monethanolamine (MEA), deithanolamine (DEA), piperazine (PZ), triethanolamine (TEA) are also studied. As membrane unit help in CO2 reduction in feed to amine absorption process in hybrid amine-membrane setup. This significantly reduces the energy requirement as compared to the conventional standalone alkanolamine process. In comparison with various amines used in the amine absorption process, MEA offers the lowest total energy consumed, whereas, MDEA is considered to be the highest in terms of energy consumption.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIranian Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Volume39
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)239-254
ISSN1021-9986
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Amine absorption process
  • Membrane process
  • Hybrid process
  • Aspen HYSYS
  • MEA
  • DEA

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