A hierarchical scheduling method of active distribution network considering flexible loads in office buildings

Zening Li, Su Su*, Xiaolong Jin*, Houhe Chen, Yujing Li, Renzun Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Aiming to further achieve the flexible operation of the active distribution network by utilizing heating, ventilation and air-conditioning systems and electric vehicles of office buildings, a hierarchical scheduling method of active distribution network considering flexible loads in office buildings is proposed in this paper. In stage I, based on the heat storage property of office buildings and the behavioral property of office workers, an energy optimal scheduling model of the office building incorporating heating, ventilation and air-conditioning systems and electric vehicles is established. In stage II, an optimal scheduling method of the active distribution network considering on-load tap changer and flexible loads (i.e., heating, ventilation and air-conditioning systems and electric vehicles) in office buildings is developed by using the second-order conic relaxation and piecewise linearization. Finally, the scheduling results for the heating, ventilation and air-conditioning systems and electric vehicles in office buildings under different cases are compared in a winter scenario, and the security and economy of the active distribution network considering flexible loads in office buildings are further analyzed. Numerical studies demonstrate that the proposed method can contribute to the office building cost reduction and the load factor increment while guaranteeing the heating and the transportation demands of office workers. It can further improve the security and economic operation of the distribution network.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number106768
    JournalInternational Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems
    Volume131
    Number of pages16
    ISSN0142-0615
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021

    Bibliographical note

    Funding Information:
    This work was supported in part by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51677004).

    Publisher Copyright:
    © 2021

    Keywords

    • Active distribution network
    • Electric vehicles
    • Heating ventilation and air-conditioning systems
    • Office buildings
    • Piecewise linearization

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