A Hard X-Ray Study of the Normal Star-Forming Galaxy M83 with NuSTAR

M. Yukita, A. E. Hornschemeier, B. D. Lehmer, A. Ptak, D. R. Wik, A. Zezas, V. Antoniou, T. J. Maccarone, V. Replicon, J. B. Tyler, T. Venters, M. K. Argo, K. Bechtol, S. Boggs, Finn Erland Christensen, W. W. Craig, C. Hailey, Fern Harrison, R. Krivonos, K. KuntzD. Stern, W. W. Zhang

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Abstract

We present the results from sensitive, multi-epoch NuSTAR observations of the late-type star-forming galaxy M83 (d = 4.6 Mpc). This is the first investigation to spatially resolve the hard (E > 10 keV) X-ray emission of this galaxy. The nuclear region and similar to 20 off-nuclear point sources, including a previously discovered ultraluminous X-ray source, are detected in our NuSTAR observations. The X-ray hardnesses and luminosities of the majority of the point sources are consistent with hard X-ray sources resolved in the starburst galaxy NGC 253. We infer that the hard X-ray emission is most likely dominated by intermediate accretion state black hole binaries and neutron star low-mass X-ray binaries (Z-sources). We construct the X-ray binary luminosity function (XLF) in the NuSTAR band for an extragalactic environment for the first time. The M83 XLF has a steeper XLF than the X-ray binary XLF in NGC 253, which is consistent with previous measurements by Chandra at softer X-ray energies. The NuSTAR integrated galaxy spectrum of M83 drops quickly above 10 keV, which is also seen in the starburst galaxies NGC 253, NGC 3310, and NGC 3256. The NuSTAR observations constrain any active galactic nucleus (AGN) to be either highly obscured or to have an extremely low luminosity of less than or similar to 1038 erg s-1 (10-30 keV), implying that it is emitting at a very low Eddington ratio. An X-ray point source that is consistent with the location of the nuclear star cluster with an X-ray luminosity of a few times 1038 erg s-1 may be a low-luminosity AGN but is more consistent with being an X-ray binary.
Original languageEnglish
Article number107
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Volume824
Issue number2
Number of pages23
ISSN0004-637x
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Galaxies: individual (M83)
  • Galaxies: star formation
  • Galaxies: starburst
  • X-rays: galaxies

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