The effect of the polymorphism of the DNA repair gene ERCC2/XPD Asp312Asn on the risk of lung cancer was investigated in a northeastern Chinese population. A hospital-based case-control study consisted of 201 lung cancer cases and 171 cancer-free controls matched to age, sex, and ethnicity. A polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method was used for genotyping. Frequency of the variant C-allele of ERCC2 Asp312Asn was 0.006 among the controls in present study, which differs markedly from previous reports both in European ancestry populations and in other Chinese populations (all P <0.001). The polymorphism was not associated with risk of lung cancer. Haplotype analysis including three previously studied polymorphisms (ERCC1 Asn 118Asn, ERCC2 Arg 256Arg, and ERCC2 Lys751Gln) revealed that a haplotype consisting of ERCC1Asn118Asn(G)-ERCC2 Arg156Arg(C)-ERCC2 Asp312Asn(G) -ERCC2 Lys751Gln C was marginally associated with an increased risk of lung cancer (OR = 3.61, 95% CI = 1.00-13.06, P = 0.04). Our data suggest that the polymorphism ERCC2 Lys751Gln or a haplotype encompassing the variant allele is associated with risk of lung cancer in this population. Studies including larger sample sizes are needed to elucidate the effects of these polymorphisms on lung cancer risk in this northeastern Chinese population. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Journal||Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics|
|Publication status||Published - 2007|