A framework for data-driven digital twins for smart manufacturing

Jonas Friederich, Deena P. Francis*, Sanja Lazarova-Molnar, Nader Mohamed

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Adoption of digital twins in smart factories, that model real statuses of manufacturing systems through simulation with real time actualization, are manifested in the form of increased productivity, as well as reduction in costs and energy consumption. The sharp increase in changing customer demands has resulted in factories transitioning rapidly and yielding shorter product life cycles. Traditional modeling and simulation approaches are not suited to handle such scenarios. As a possible solution, we propose a generic data-driven framework for automated generation of simulation models as basis for digital twins for smart factories. The novelty of our proposed framework is in the data-driven approach that exploits advancements in machine learning and process mining techniques, as well as continuous model improvement and validation. The goal of the framework is to minimize and fully define, or even eliminate, the need for expert knowledge in the extraction of the corresponding simulation models. We illustrate our framework through a case study.
Original languageEnglish
Article number103586
JournalComputers in Industry
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Data-driven
  • Digital twin
  • Machine learning
  • Process mining
  • Reconfigurable manufacturing
  • Smart factory


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