Dynamic line rating can be described as a method of overloading the power line within reliability and safety limits. Power line's loading limits can be increased, if its temperature is controlled to be below the maximum allowable conductor temperature, which is defined by the grid regulations. Dynamic rating brings additional uncertainties and risks to the grid operation due to high variability of weather conditions, which plays an essential role in determining real-time capacity limits. Power lines often are under the influence of risk factors related to power system performance, however, they could also be subjected to additional risks related to their mechanical structure. Overhead lines, which are composed of more than one stranded material, are exposed to increasing mechanical stress due to differences in thermal expansion characteristics of different materials. The reliability analysis of transient expansion/shrinkage of the material has identified the risks to the conductor mechanical strength that are associated with dynamic heating and cooling. This study determines an optimal dynamic line rating application, which not only would take into account electrical properties of the system and economic benefits, but would also minimize the aging of steel reinforced aluminum overhead lines. Alternatively to hourly line rating adjustment, 2 h, 3 h and 4 h ratings are suggested as possible way to decrease impact of DLR on conductor mechanical durability. Comparing the mechanical durability and cost benefits between different frequencies of loading limit adjustments, allows suggesting improvements to dynamic line rating application.
|Journal||International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems|
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|
- Aluminum conductor steel reinforced
- Conductor mechanical strength
- Dynamic line rating
- Power line durability