Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) and sleep quality measurements over a period of two weeks were performed all night in 40 bedrooms in Denmark during the heating season. In the first week, the bedroom conditions were typical of what participants would normally experience during sleep. In the second week, the participants were asked to open the doors or windows if they had been closed or the opposite. A change in the 95th percentile of the measured CO2 concentration by more than 200 ppm in the expected direction on the same weekdays of the two-week measurement period was taken to indicate that an effective intervention had taken place. The measurements in the 29 bedrooms that met this criterion were grouped depending on how the windows or doors had been manipulated. Objectively measured and subjectively rated bedroom IAQ improved when the windows were open except that the NO2 concentration was slightly higher. Sleep was longer under this condition and sleep quality was subjectively assessed to be better. Similar effects were not observed when the doors were open although the 95th percentile of CO2 concentration decreased by as much as when the windows were open. No effects were seen in the 11 bedrooms in which the change to the bedroom conditions made by the participants did not change the CO2 concentration by at least 200 ppm, as would be expected. The present study provides evidence that sufficient dilution and/or removal of pollutants is necessary to ensure good bedroom IAQ and good sleep quality.
- Bedroom ventilation
- Air quality
- Sleep quality
- Next-day cognitive performance