A field intervention study of the effects of window and door opening on bedroom IAQ, sleep quality, and next-day cognitive performance

Xiaojun Fan*, Chenxi Liao, Mariya P. Bivolarova, Chandra Sekhar, Jelle Laverge, Li Lan, Anna Mainka, Mizuho Akimoto, Pawel Wargocki

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

17 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) and sleep quality measurements over a period of two weeks were performed all night in 40 bedrooms in Denmark during the heating season. In the first week, the bedroom conditions were typical of what participants would normally experience during sleep. In the second week, the participants were asked to open the doors or windows if they had been closed or the opposite. A change in the 95th percentile of the measured CO2 concentration by more than 200 ppm in the expected direction on the same weekdays of the two-week measurement period was taken to indicate that an effective intervention had taken place. The measurements in the 29 bedrooms that met this criterion were grouped depending on how the windows or doors had been manipulated. Objectively measured and subjectively rated bedroom IAQ improved when the windows were open except that the NO2 concentration was slightly higher. Sleep was longer under this condition and sleep quality was subjectively assessed to be better. Similar effects were not observed when the doors were open although the 95th percentile of CO2 concentration decreased by as much as when the windows were open. No effects were seen in the 11 bedrooms in which the change to the bedroom conditions made by the participants did not change the CO2 concentration by at least 200 ppm, as would be expected. The present study provides evidence that sufficient dilution and/or removal of pollutants is necessary to ensure good bedroom IAQ and good sleep quality.
Original languageEnglish
Article number109630
JournalBuilding and Environment
Volume225
Number of pages1
ISSN0360-1323
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Bedroom ventilation
  • Intervention
  • Air quality
  • Sleep quality
  • Next-day cognitive performance

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'A field intervention study of the effects of window and door opening on bedroom IAQ, sleep quality, and next-day cognitive performance'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this