A family of di-glutamate mucin-degrading enzymes that bridges glycan hydrolases and peptidases

Yoshiki Narimatsu*, Christian Büll, Víctor Taleb, Qinghua Liao, Ismael Compañón, David Sánchez-Navarro, Fabien Durbesson, Renaud Vincentelli, Lars Hansen, Francisco Corzana, Carme Rovira, Bernard Henrissat, Henrik Clausen, Hiren J. Joshi, Ramon Hurtado-Guerrero*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Microbes utilize polysaccharides to protect their surfaces and build biofilms, whereas metazoans employ large mucins densely decorated with O-glycans to protect surfaces and keep microbes at a distance. However, gut microbes in mucus also feed on host mucins, thus imposing a need for continuous renewal to maintain protection, clearance and mucus homeostasis. Glycopeptidases that can cleave mucins are known, but mucinases that specifically cleave mucins are not. Here we report the discovery of such microbial mucinases that cleave mucins with trimmed glycans, recognize dense clusters of O-glycans, and employ a structural fold and catalytic machinery reminiscent of glycan hydrolases and peptidases. These di-glutamate mucinases are also found in eukaryotes, and we propose that they are designed to clear mucins following scavenging of O-glycans to promote healthy gut–microbiome homeostasis. (Figure presented.)
Original languageEnglish
JournalNature Catalysis
Volume7
Pages (from-to)386-400
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024

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