A Direct Experimental Determination of the Elastic Contribution of Chain Entangling in a Tightly Crosslinked Elastomer

Walther Batsberg Pedersen, O. Kramer

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    The experimental result, that the equilibrium force is nearly equal to the pseudoequilibrium force immediately prior to quenching and irradiation, allows the following conclusions: (1) Chain scission during crosslinking is not a serious problem. (2) The network of highly entangled linear chains is effectively at elastic equilibrium immediately prior to crosslinking in the strained state. This would not be the case if the entangled structure remained untrapped. (3) The effect of chain entangling in tightly crosslinked elastomers is large, also at elastic equilibrium. In fact, it is almost quantitatively equal to the pseudo-equilibrium stress relaxation modulus of the uncrosslinked linear polymer. This result is in agreement with the results from the Langley and the two-network methods.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalRubber Chemistry and Technology
    Volume55
    Issue number1
    Pages (from-to)62-65
    ISSN0035-9475
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1982

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