A deep transfer learning approach for sleep stage classification and sleep apnea detection using wrist-worn consumer sleep technologies

Mads Olsen*, Jamie M. Zeitzer, Risa N. Richardson, Valerie H. Musgrave, Helge B.D. Sorensen, Emmanuel Mignot, Poul J. Jennum

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common, underdiagnosed sleep-related breathing disorder with serious health implications Objective - We propose a deep transfer learning approach for sleep stage classification and sleep apnea (SA) detection using wrist-worn consumer sleep technologies (CST). Methods – Our model is based on a deep convolutional neural network (DNN) utilizing accelerometers and photo-plethysmography signals from nocturnal recordings. The DNN was trained and tested on internal datasets that include raw data from clinical and wrist-worn devices; external validation was performed on a hold-out test dataset containing raw data from a wrist-worn CST. Results - Training on clinical data improves performance significantly, and feature enrichment through a sleep stage stream gives only minor improvements. Raw data input outperforms feature-based input in CST datasets. The system generalizes well but performs slightly worse on wearable device data compared to clinical data. However, it excels in detecting events during REM sleep and is associated with arousal and oxygen desaturation. We found; cases that were significantly underestimated were characterized by fewer of such event associations. Conclusion - This study showcases the potential of using CSTs as alternate screening solution for undiagnosed cases of OSA. Significance - This work is significant for its development of a deep transfer learning approach using wrist-worn consumer sleep technologies, offering comprehensive validation for data utilization, and learning techniques, ultimately improving sleep apnea detection across diverse devices.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
Number of pages12
ISSN0018-9294
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024

Keywords

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