Reliable signal classiﬁcation is essential for using an electroencephalogram (EEG) based Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) in motor imagery (MI) training. While deep learning (DL) isused in many are as with great success, only a limited number of works investigate its potential in this domain. This study presents a DL approach, which could improve or replace current stateof-the-art methods. Here, an end-to-end convolutional neural network (CNN) model is presented, which can be applied to raw EEG signals. It consists of a temporal and spatial convolution layer for feature extraction and a fully connected (FC) layer for classiﬁcation. The global models were trained on 3s segments of EEG data. Training a subject-independent global classiﬁer reaches 80.10%, 69.72%, and 59.71% mean accuracy for a dataset with two, three, and four classes, respectively, validated in 5-fold crossvalidation. Retraining the global classiﬁer with data from single individuals improves the overall mean accuracy to 86.13%, 79.05%, and 68.93%, respectively. The results are superior to the results reported in the literature on the same data. Generally, the reported accuracy values are comparable with related studies, which shows that the model delivers competitive results. As raw signals are used as input, no pre-processing is needed, which qualiﬁes DL methods as a promising alternative to established EEG classiﬁcation methods.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of 2018 26th European Signal Processing Conference|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|
|Event||2018 26th European Signal Processing Conference - Centro Congressi di Confindustria - Auditorium della Tecnica, Rome, Italy|
Duration: 3 Sep 2018 → 7 Sep 2018
|Conference||2018 26th European Signal Processing Conference|
|Location||Centro Congressi di Confindustria - Auditorium della Tecnica|
|Period||03/09/2018 → 07/09/2018|